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Capital: San Jose


Total Population: 4,857,274
Natural Increase: 1.0%
Density: 95 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.7%
Ethnic Origins: Of European or Mestizo origin about 84%, Mulato about 7%, indigenous about 2%, of African origin around 1%, Amerindian around 1%, Chinese 1%, other around 4%.
Official Language: Spanish
Other Languages Spoken: Creole English
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, Protestant 0.7%, Others 8%.
Literacy Rate: 94.9%
National Currency: Costa Rican Colon (CRC)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 CRC = 0.0015 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 51,100 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
Second strongest per capita GDP in Central America; importance of ecotourism in the economy.
HDI*: 0.766/1
HDI (World Rank): 69/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Costa Rica, dial 00
To call Costa Rica, dial +506
Internet Suffix: .cr
Computers: 23.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 21.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 47.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.5% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 17,59118,01417,18615,50315,121
Exports of Goods (million USD) 11,43311,60311,2529,6249,634
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,0542,1002,1822,6183,207
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,2926,7376,8907,6768,288

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018