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Capital: Bogotá D.C. (Capital District)


Total Population: 48,653,419
Natural Increase: 0.9%
Density: 44 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 76.7%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Bogota (9,155,100); Medellin (3,731,400); Cali (2,879,000); Barranquilla (1,958,500); Bucaramanga (1,113,500); Cartagena (1,061,400); Cúcuta (805,700)
Ethnic Origins: The population is comprised of about 58% of people of mixed Amerindian and European origin and 20% of European origin. Other Colombians are mulatto (14%), African (4%), mixed African-Amerindian (3%) and Amerindian (1%).
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: There are still approximately 60 Amerindian languages in Colombia, as well as Palenquero, which is spoken by the Afro-descendants of the Palenque region.
Business Language(s): Spanish, English.
Religion: Catholics 95.2%, Others 4.8%.
Literacy Rate: 92.8%
National Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 COP = 0.0003 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,141,749 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Rich in mineral resources; the underground economy is very active.
HDI*: 0.720/1
HDI (World Rank): 97/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Colombia, dial 005, 007 or 009.
To call Colombia, dial To call a landline: +57 then the department code and the 7 figure telephone number. To call a mobile phone: +57 then the number of the mobile phone.
Internet Suffix: .co
Computers: 4.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 13.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 49.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 97% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 59,04859,38164,02954,05844,890
Exports of Goods (million USD) 60,12558,82454,79535,69131,045
Imports of Services (million USD) 12,11212,68313,38111,08410,816
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,3356,7726,7827,1507,796

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018