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Capital: Beijing


Total Population: 1,378,665,000
Natural Increase: 0.5%
Density: 147 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 56.8%
Population of main cities: Shanghai (20,217,748); Beijing (16,446,857); Guangzhou (Canton) (10,641,408); Shenzhen (10,358,381); Tianjin (9,290,263); Wuhan (7,541,527); Dongguan (7,271,322); Foshan (6,771,895); Chengdu (6,316,922); Chongqing (6,263,790); Nanjing (5,827,888); Shenyang (5,718,232); Xi'an (5,206,253); Hangzhou (5,162,093)
Ethnic Origins: According to Chinese authorities, more than 92% of the population are of Han Chinese origin, with Zhuang, Uighur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Mandchous, Mongol, Buyi, Korean and other ethnic origins forming about 8% of the population. (National Bureau of Statistics of China).
Official Language: The national language is Mandarin; however, there are many different dialects and variants of it.
Other Languages Spoken: There are more than a hundred dialects, with Mandarin in the north and Cantonese in the south of the country. The official language coexists with the other languages (Mongolian, Uyghur, Korean, Tibetan) of the autonomous regions.
Business Language(s): When the foreign party does not speak Chinese, business discussions will generally be held in English.
Religion: The Chinese are generally atheists. That being said, Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are relatively widespread amongst senior citizens and attract a part of the well-to-do class today. There are also Christian and Muslim minorities.
Literacy Rate: 90.9%
National Currency: Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) (CNY)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 CNY = 0.1324 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 9,562,911 km²
Type of State: The People's Republic of China is a communist state, though Deng Xiao Ping had suggested the phrase 'market socialism' to qualify the evolution of the country. China corresponds to a centralised unitary state completely managed by the Chinese Communist Party with a national administration that is authoritative in its structure and ideology.
Type of Economy: Second richest country in the world (GDP); emerging financial market..
Largest population in the world; highest GDP growth rate in the world over the last 10 years.
HDI*: 0.727/1
HDI (World Rank): 90/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from China, dial 00
To call China, dial +86
Internet Suffix: .cn
Computers: 4.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 20.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 42.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 1,818,4051,949,9901,959,2331,681,9511,587,431
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,048,7142,209,0052,342,2932,274,9492,098,161
Imports of Services (million USD) 280,260329,419450,805466,330453,014
Exports of Services (million USD) 200,586205,778279,423285,476208,488

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018