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Introduction

Capital: Santiago

Population

Total Population: 17,909,754
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 24 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.7%
Population of main cities: Santiago (5,150,010); Puente Alto (824,579); Antofagasta (402,444); San Bernardo (320,626); Vina del Mar (287,522); Temuco (275,617); Rancagua (249,668); Valparaiso (248,070)
Ethnic Origins: About 89% of the population is of a mostly non-indigenous origin, largely from European and mixed origins. The Mapuche account for about 9% of the population. The Aymara and other indigenous groups, including Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan and Yamana account for about 1%. (National Institute of Statistics, 2012 census)
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: Indigenous dialects, such as Mapudungan, Aymara, Quechua and Rapa Nui
Business Language(s): Spanish, English
Religion: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1%
Literacy Rate: 95.7%
National Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 CLP = 0.0013 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 756,096 km²
Type of State: A Republic based on parliamentary democracy where the President enjoys considerable powers.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, emerging financial market.
Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations, the world's leading exporter of copper and salmon and the second in Latin America and the Caribbean regarding legislation favourable to business.
HDI*: 0.832/1
HDI (World Rank): 42/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Chile, dial 00
To call Chile, dial +56
Internet Suffix: .cl
Computers: 14.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 18.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 61.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 80,07379,24972,15963,03958,825
Exports of Goods (million USD) 77,79176,47775,67563,36259,917
Imports of Services (million USD) 15,13115,85514,72413,44413,075
Exports of Services (million USD) 12,38712,45210,9679,7379,625

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: May 2018