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Capital: Ottawa


Total Population: 36,264,604
Natural Increase: 1.2%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 82.0%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Toronto (6,947,229); Montreal (4,394,467); Vancouver (2,479,623); Ottawa-Gatineau (1,477,881); Calgary (1,417,661); Edmonton (1,283,049); Quebec (865,926); Winnipeg (836,416); Hamilton (619,024)
Ethnic Origins: In the last century, the majority of Canadians were of British and French origin, in addition to indigenous peoples. However, successive waves of immigrants from many different countries have considerably diversified Canada's ethnic makeup: Canadian (mostly Anglophone and Francophone Europeans) about 32%, English about 20%, French 15%, Scottish 14%, Irish 14%, German 10%, Italian 4%, Chinese 5%, North American Indian about 4%. Around 51% of the population also declared being from another ethnic background (it is possible to declare more than one ethnicity in Canada). (Statistics Canada)
Official Language: English and French
Other Languages Spoken: Spanish is the third most widely spoken language in Canada. More than 100 different languages were declared when an inventory was made of mother tongues. The list includes Chinese, German, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish and various Asian and Middle Eastern languages. Aboriginal languages are also widely spoken in many regions.
Business Language(s): English is the most commonly spoken language in Canada. All government departments must be bilingual in English and French.
Religion: Catholics 39%, Protestants 24.1%, Orthodox Christians 1.7%, Non-religious 23.9%, Muslims 3.2%, Jews 1%, Buddhists 1.1%, Hindus 1.5%, Sikhs 1.4%.
National Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 CAD = 0.6531 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 9,984,670 km²
Type of State: Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy and federation.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The second largest country in the world; the leading producer of zinc and uranium; a major importer of agricultural products.
HDI*: 0.913/1
HDI (World Rank): 9/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Canada, dial 011
To call Canada, dial 1
Internet Suffix: .ca
Computers: 94.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 51.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 86.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 476,296475,778479,985436,372416,602
Exports of Goods (million USD) 455,592458,318474,725408,475390,117
Imports of Services (million USD) 110,621111,547106,72195,40597,378
Exports of Services (million USD) 87,76588,72285,18176,29280,927

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018