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In this page: Customs Procedures | Industrial and Manufacturing Profile | Identifying a Supplier | Controlling the Quality of the Products | Organizing Goods Transport To and From Finland

 

Customs Procedures

Export Clearance
Exporting from Finland requires:
- Export Compliance;
- Knowledge of your commodity;
- Proper documentation including permits, licenses and related certificate of origins;
- Pre-shipment requirements from the destination country.
Necessary Declaration
Export documentation requirements vary depending on the value of the goods, destination of the shipment and if the goods are controlled, prohibited or regulated. Goods that must be reported require a bill of landing/airway bill, an SAD (Single Administrative Document) export declaration, a commercial or a pro-forma invoice, as well as any export permits, certificate, licenses required for controlled, prohibited or regulated goods. All controlled, regulated commodities require an export permit regardless of the value. It is extremely important that all documents tendered for export clearance processing are accurate in every way. Incomplete or inaccurate documentation may result in lengthy delays in customs processing and may result in warehousing and other customs fees.
Restrictions
There are certain restrictions concerning exports from Finland. Click here for more information on export procedure in the European Union. A detailed list of national restrictions is available on the website of the Finnish Customs.
Export Taxes
None

Industrial and Manufacturing Profile

Type of Production
The industrial sector accounts for around 26% of the GDP. The key economic sector in Finland is manufacturing - principally the electronics, telecommunications, wood, metals, and engineering industries. Finland’s electronic and electrical sector overtook forest products and metal industries as the country’s largest export industry in the 1990’s. Finland’s largest company, Nokia, is the number one manufacturer of mobile phones in the world. In term of market structure, around 3,700 companies have less than five employees, and the five largest companies cover over 60% of the industry sector’s sales volume. Trade is very important for Finland's economy as exports equal two-fifths of the entire GDP.

Type of Manufacturers

Original Equipment Manufacturers
Main OEM industries in Finland are telecommunications and electronics. However, the number of OEMs in Finland has dropped in recent years, mainly due to high labor costs.
Original Design Manufacturers
Demand for outsourcing in general is growing fast. Control over costs and projects is often better in outsourced ODM projects. Manufacturers also want new innovations from ODM's. However, due to high labor costs ODMs do not play very important role in the Finnish market. They have relocated their operations abroad (often to East Asia).
Subcontractors
The labor costs in Finland today are high and thus do not allow the country to be competitive in this type of business. Most companies have relocated their operations abroad in recent years. These include Perlos and Salcomp, the major Finnish subcontractors of the Finnish giant in telecommunications Nokia.
Useful Resources
Federation of Finnish Commerce
Finnish Foreign Trade Agents’ Federation
Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK)
Technology Industries of Finland
Finnish Forest Industries’ Federation
Finpro
Invest in Finland Bureau

Identifying a Supplier

Business Directories

Multi-sector Directories
Inoa - Find products and services.
Largest Companies - Database of the largest Nordic companies.
Nordicnet - Industry's trade engine for the Nordic countries.
Yellow Pages (in Finnish only) - Finland's business directory, by category of products.
Yritysopas - Find a Business in Finland.
 
 

Marketplaces

Domestic Marketplaces
Go4FinlandBusiness
Tekes
 

Controlling the Quality of the Products

Quality Control Organizations
Finnish Consumer Agency

Organizing Goods Transport To and From Finland

Main Useful Means of Transport
The infrastructure in Finland is very well-developed and the transportation system is based on an efficient rail and road network. Finland has over 50 merchant shipping ports, 23 of them are open year round and more than 10 are located on inland waterways connected to the Baltic Sea by the Saimaa Canal. Ports are secure and automated with loading and unloading operations consistently quick and trouble-free. The rail system is well-functioning and the rail gauge in Finland is the same as in Russia making the country a good transshipment point for Russian trade. The most useful means for international transportation of goods is by sea, unlike the most recommended means for domestic transportation being by rail and road.
 
 

By Air

Airports
Helsinki-Vantaa Airport
Finnish airports
Transport Professionals
Kauko Group
Viktor Ek Group
Schenker
Government Transport Organisations
The Finnish Civil Aviation Administration

By Road

Transport Professionals
Kauko Group
Varova
LKW Walter
Government Transport Organisations
Finnish Road Administration

By Rail

Transport Professionals
VR Group
Government Transport Organisations
Finnish Rail Administration (RHK)

 

Learn more about Sourcing in Finland on Globaltrade.net, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Last Updates: May 2018