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Capital: Sofia


Total Population: 7,127,822
Natural Increase: -0.7%
Density: 66 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 74.3%
Population of main cities: Sofia (1,228,282); Plovdiv (341,567); Varna (335,949); Burgas (198,725); Ruse (147,055)
Ethnic Origins: About 83% ethnic Bulgarians, with about 10% Turks, 5% Roma and 2% other ethnic groups (including Macedonian, Armenian, etc.) (National Statistical Institute).
Official Language: Bulgarian
Other Languages Spoken: Many Bulgarians have some level of Russian language comprehension. German and French are also widely spoken.
Business Language(s): Russian, English, German and French. Turkish is also used for business in the South.
Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4% (2001 census).
Literacy Rate: 98.2%
National Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BGN = 0.5113 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 111,000 km²
Type of State: Republic state based on parliamentary democracy working under a pluriform multi-party political system.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Ex-Transition country.
The country is a crossroads between Europe and Asia.
HDI*: 0.782/1
HDI (World Rank): 59/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bulgaria, dial 00
To call Bulgaria, dial +359
Internet Suffix: .bg
Computers: 5.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 30.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 55.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 32,71034,30334,69829,29828,846
Exports of Goods (million USD) 26,68629,57929,28525,69025,978
Imports of Services (million USD) 5,2865,4745,5974,9274,530
Exports of Services (million USD) 8,7919,0988,9487,9238,452

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018