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Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan


Total Population: 423,196
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 80 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.5%
Ethnic Origins: Malay around 65%, Chinese around 25%, other natives and other groups (Dusun, Belait, Kedayan, Murut, Bisaya, etc.) around 10%.
Official Language: Malay
Other Languages Spoken: English, Chinese
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, Others (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%.
Literacy Rate: 92.7%
National Currency: Brunei Dollar (BND)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BND = 0.6354 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 5,770 km²
Type of State: Sultanate. Monarchy (hereditary).
Type of Economy: High-income economy.
The highest GDP in the ASEAN but heavily dependent on petroleum exports.
HDI*: 0.856/1
HDI (World Rank): 31/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Brunei Darussalam, dial 00
To call Brunei Darussalam, dial +673
Internet Suffix: .bn
Telephone Lines: 17.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 60.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 76.16% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 3,5723,6123,5992,5853,090
Exports of Goods (million USD) 13,00111,44710,5096,6004,960
Imports of Services (million USD) 2,2372,4231,8531,8852,183
Exports of Services (million USD) 483493557577482

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018