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Capital: Brasilia


Total Population: 207,652,865
Natural Increase: 0.8%
Density: 25 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 85.9%
Population of main metropolitan areas: Sao Paulo (21,090,791); Rio de Janeiro (12,166,798); Belo Horizonte (5,813,410); Brasília (4,201,737); Porto Alegre (4,179,197); Salvador (3,953,288); Recife (3,914,317); Fortaleza (3,852,705); Curitiba (3,449,491); Campinas (3,081,247); Goiânia (2,421,831); Manaus (2,403,986); Belém (2,212,653); Grande Vitória (1,910,101); Santos (1,797,500)
Ethnic Origins: According to the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), less than 48% of the Brazilian population is of European origin. About 43% of the population is of mixed ethnic origin, about 8% is of African origin and less than 2% have other ethnic origins, including Indian, Arab and Japanese.
Official Language: Portuguese
Other Languages Spoken: English is the most commonly spoken foreign language in Brazil. Spanish is generally understood by the Brazilians and French is spoken by around 570,000 people across the country.
Business Language(s): Portuguese, English and Spanish.
Religion: Despite a very strong Catholic tradition, religious freedom has been recognised and practiced for several decades. Religions of African origin were legalised in the 1950s and many Neo-Pentacostal churches have been opened since the end of the 1980s.
Literacy Rate: 88.6%
National Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BRL = 0.2270 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 8,515,770 km²
Type of State: A federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. The Brazilian constitution gives extensive powers to the government.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
7th world economy with high inequalities; leading producer of sugar and coffee in the world.
HDI*: 0.755/1
HDI (World Rank): 75/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Brazil, dial 00
To call Brazil, dial +55
Internet Suffix: .br
Computers: 16.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 22.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 49.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.5% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 233,398250,556239,152178,798143,474
Exports of Goods (million USD) 242,578242,034225,101191,134185,280
Imports of Services (million USD) 75,83281,05385,91668,92163,750
Exports of Services (million USD) 37,39336,48239,04732,98933,300

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018