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Capital: Gaborone


Total Population: 2,250,260
Natural Increase: 1.8%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 57.7%
Ethnic Origins: Tswana (or Setswana) about 80%, Kalanga about 11%, Basarwa about 3%, other (including the Kgalagadi and the Europeans) about 6%. 
Official Language: English
Other Languages Spoken: Setswana, Kalanga, Sekgalagadi.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, Others 1.8%, None 20.6%.
Literacy Rate: 81.2%
National Currency: Botswana Pula (BWP)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BWP = 0.0838 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 581,730 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
One of the world's highest growth rates for 10 years, thanks especially to the exploitation of its diamond mines. Still, it suffers from low human development indicators.
HDI*: 0.698/1
HDI (World Rank): 106/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Botswana, dial 00
To call Botswana, dial +267
Internet Suffix: .bw
Telephone Lines: 7.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 11.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 53.24% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 8,0258,3528,0716,3486,120
Exports of Goods (million USD) 5,9717,9118,5096,1417,365
Imports of Services (million USD) 727774681596n/a
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,0091,1671,2451,1181,299

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018