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Capital: La Paz (administrative), Sucre (constitutional, judicial)


Total Population: 10,887,882
Natural Increase: 1.5%
Density: 10 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 68.9%
Ethnic Origins: Mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) about 68%, indigenous about 20%, European and North American about 5%, Cholo/Chola about 2%, other about 5%. 44% of respondents indicated feeling part of some indigenous group, predominantly Quechua or Aymara.
Official Language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Other Languages Spoken: Guaraní, Plautdietsch, Guarayu, Ignaciano (major other languages). There are nearly 40 other languages spoken in the country.
Business Language(s): Spanish
Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%.
Literacy Rate: 86.7%
National Currency: Boliviano (BOB)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BOB = 0.1239 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 1,098,580 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
One of the poorest countries in Latin America; very rich in natural gas reserves.
HDI*: 0.662/1
HDI (World Rank): 119/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bolivia, dial 001
To call Bolivia, dial +591
Internet Suffix: . bo
Telephone Lines: 8.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 34.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 90.5% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 8,5789,33810,5199,6028,374
Exports of Goods (million USD) 11,25411,65712,2668,2616,969
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,8952,3023,0072,3522,784
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,1051,1971,3291,5281,204

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018