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Capital: Brussels


Total Population: 11,338,476
Natural Increase: 0.6%
Density: 374 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 97.9%
Population of main cities: Antwerp (513,570); Gent (253,266); Charleroi (202,480); Liege (195,968); Brussels (175,534); Schaerbeek (131,030); Bruges (117,886)
Ethnic Origins: Around 10% of the Belgian population are of non-Belgian orgin, of which 68% are from other EU countries, 10% from Morocco, 5% from Turkey and 17% from other countries.

58% of the population is Flemish, 31% is Walloon and 11% from Brussels. (Statistics Belgium)

Official Language: Dutch, French and German. In Belgium, 5.6 million people speak Dutch, 3.5 million speak French and about 50,000 people speak German.
Other Languages Spoken: Indigenous languages, recognised since 1990, such as Walloon, and immigrant languages, such as Arabic, Spanish and Turkish.
Business Language(s): International negotiations are often in English, with some occurring in French.

Business is typically conducted in Flemish, French, German or even English (depending on the region).

Religion: Catholics 95.9%, Others 4.1%
National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 30,530 km²
Type of State: Belgium is a federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch.
Type of Economy: High-income economy; OECD member..
Economy dependent on foreign trade.
HDI*: 0.890/1
HDI (World Rank): 21/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Belgium, dial 00
To call Belgium, dial +32
Internet Suffix: .be
Computers: 41.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 42.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 82.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 439,128451,677454,632375,267367,378
Exports of Goods (million USD) 445,939468,760472,319398,158395,881
Imports of Services (million USD) 97,702103,820116,806105,530107,417
Exports of Services (million USD) 104,340110,572121,977109,347111,017

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018