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Capital: Minsk


Total Population: 9,501,534
Natural Increase: 0.1%
Density: 47 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.0%
Population of main cities: Minsk (1,938,280); Gomel (516,976); Maguilev (374,655); Vitebsk (366,299); Grodna (361,352)
Ethnic Origins: Belarusian about 84%, Russian about 8%, Polish about 3%, Ukrainian about 2%, other about 3%.
Official Language: Russian and Belarusian which are spoken by 80% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: It is important to note that other languages are also used in this country such as Polish, Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Yiddish.
Business Language(s): Russian, fluently spoken, and English, well spoken within companies having an international activity.
Religion: Orthodox 86%, Catholics 5%, Jews 5%, Others 4%.
National Currency: Belarussian Rubble (BYR)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BYR = 0.0000 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 207,600 km²
Type of State: Officially a Republic based on parliamentary democracy. In practice, the President enjoys immense power.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Transition country.
Entirely dependent on its trade with Russia. Important transit route for Russian gas supplies to parts of Europe.
HDI*: 0.798/1
HDI (World Rank): 50/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Belarus, dial 810
To call Belarus, dial +375
Internet Suffix: .by
Telephone Lines: 46.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 46.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 46,40443,02340,50230,31227,573
Exports of Goods (million USD) 46,06037,20336,08126,67623,340
Imports of Services (million USD) 4,0385,2455,7294,3324,247
Exports of Services (million USD) 6,2767,4667,8536,6206,813

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018