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Capital: Dhaka


Total Population: 162,951,560
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 1,252 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 35.0%
Population of main cities: Dhaka (15,391,000); Chittagong (5,239,000); Khulna (1,781,000); Rajshahi (932,000)
Ethnic Origins: Largely ethnically homogeneous, with 98% of the population of Bengali origin. Other groups include tribal groups and non-Bengali Muslims (Sadri, Santali, Moghs, Myanmar, etc.).
Official Language: Bengali
Other Languages Spoken: Eastern Punjabi, Gujarati, Hindi, Oriya, Sadri, Sauria Paharia, Urdu
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Muslims 83%, Hindu 16%, Other beliefs 1% (Buddhists, Christians).
Literacy Rate: 47.5%
National Currency: Bangladesh Taka (BDT)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 BDT = 0.0102 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 147,630 km²
Type of State: Democratic Republic.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy.
An extremely poor country which depends on international aid and its natural gas reserves
HDI*: 0.570/1
HDI (World Rank): 142/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Bangladesh, dial 00
To call Bangladesh, dial +880
Internet Suffix: .bd
Computers: 1.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 0.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 6.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 59.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 34,17337,08542,26839,46041,490
Exports of Goods (million USD) 25,12729,11430,40532,37934,956
Imports of Services (million USD) 5,2306,1947,1958,7458,519
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,3521,5261,6271,6843,585

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018