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Capital: Baku


Total Population: 9,757,812
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 118 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 54.9%
Population of main cities: Baku (1,229,100); Ganja (328,400); Sumgait (297,600); Mingacevir (101,600); Khirdalan (96,200); Qaraçuxur (84,500)
Ethnic Origins: Azerbaijani (about 90%), with many minority groups: Lezguian (over 2%), Russian (about 2%), Armenian (over 1%, mostly in the Nagorno-Karabakh region), Talish (about 1%), and other -- Avar, Turkish, Tatar, Ukrainian, Tsakhour, Georgian, Kurdish and Tat (over 3%)
Official Language: Azerbaijani
Other Languages Spoken: Russian.
Business Language(s): Russian and English
Religion: Shiite Muslims 65%, Sunni Muslims 28%, Orthodox Christians 5%, Others 2%.
National Currency: Azerbaijanian New Manat (AZN)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 AZN = 0.5035 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 86,600 km²
Type of State: Republic with limited parliamentary democracy where the President enjoys immense powers.
Type of Economy: Developing country, with weak incomes..
The Azerbaijani economy is highly dependent on the exploitation of petrol in the Caspian Sea, which represents 70% of its exports and 50% of the State budget.
HDI*: 0.751/1
HDI (World Rank): 78/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Azerbaijan, dial 00
To call Azerbaijan, dial +994
Internet Suffix: .az
Telephone Lines: 18.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 54.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 10,41710,3219,3329,4009,200
Exports of Goods (million USD) 32,63431,70328,26014,50010,900
Imports of Services (million USD) 7,3308,17610,1878,5537,527
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,6814,1064,2694,4234,375

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018