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Capital: Canberra


Total Population: 24,210,809
Natural Increase: 1.5%
Density: 3 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.6%
Population of main urban zones: Sydney (3,908,643); Melbourne (3,707,529); Brisbane (1,874,426); Perth (1,627,576); Adelaide (1,103,979); Gold Coast (533,659); Canberra (391,473)
Ethnic Origins: Australia is a multicultural nation with more than 170 different nationalities whose diversity is continually growing. 92% of the population is of European origin (mostly English, Irish, Scottish, Italian and Greek), with 7% of Asian origin and 1% who identify as Indigenous Australian. (Australian Bureau of Statistics - ABS).
Official Language: The official language of Australia is English. English is also the common language in different sectors such as the legislature, justice, administrative services, work and correspondence.
Other Languages Spoken: In Australia minority groups use more than 200 languages including the Aborigine languages and immigrant languages (Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Turkish, etc.)
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Protestant 30%; Catholic 25%; Unspecified 9%; Buddhist 2.5%; Muslim 2.2%.
A declining majority of people (58% according to certain surveys) say they are Christian. Most Protestant Churches, except the Anglican Church, have merged to form the Uniting Church; the Catholic Church has a large following. There are also non-Christian minorities. 20% of the population say they are non-believers. While traditional Aboriginal religions exist and are closely linked to culture and the land, many Indigenous Australians were converted to Christianity after Australia's colonisation.
National Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 AUD = 0.6419 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 7,741,220 km²
Type of State: Commonwealth of Australia. Federal State of 6 States and 2 Territories based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Services are dominant in the economy; abundant natural resources; greatest number of national parks and natural reserves in the world.
HDI*: 0.935/1
HDI (World Rank): 2/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Australia, dial  0011
To call Australia, dial +61
Internet Suffix: .au
Computers: 68.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 45.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 82.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 260,940242,140236,933208,419196,150
Exports of Goods (million USD) 256,675252,981241,238188,445190,271
Imports of Services (million USD) 65,72867,08562,40953,67456,532
Exports of Services (million USD) 53,04652,60453,36848,37453,941

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018