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Capital: Buenos Aires


Total Population: 43,847,430
Natural Increase: 1.0%
Density: 16 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 91.9%
Population of main agglomerations: Buenos Aires (13,588,171); Cordoba (1,453,865); Rosario (1,236,089); Mendoza (937,154); Tucuman (794,327); La Plata (787,294); Mar del Plata (593,337)
Ethnic Origins: Approximately 97% of the population has European origins (mostly Spanish and Italian). The remainder of the population is comprised of people of indigenous and/or mixed ethnic origins (The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses).
Official Language: Spanish is the national language of Argentina.
Other Languages Spoken: Part of the population understands and/or speaks English and Italian. Though the official language of Argentina is Spanish, many indigenous languages are still in use.
Business Language(s): Depending on the type of company, geographical location and sector of activity, it may be possible to conduct business in English. Otherwise, the business language is Spanish.
Religion: Catholic - 89.9%; Protestant - 2.1%; Jewish - 1.9%; Other - 6.1%.
Literacy Rate: 97.2%
National Currency: Argentine Peso (ARS)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ARS = 0.0323 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 2,780,400 km²
Type of State: The official name of Argentina is the Republic of Argentina. It is a federal republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy; Emerging financial market.
Argentina faced a long and costly reconstruction after the economic crisis of 1998-2002. The country has great natural wealth and an agricultural industry oriented towards export.
HDI*: 0.836/1
HDI (World Rank): 40/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Argentina, dial 00
To call Argentina, dial +54
Internet Suffix:
Computers: 8.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 24.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 55.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99.8% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 67,97474,44265,22959,78755,609
Exports of Goods (million USD) 79,98275,96368,33556,75257,737
Imports of Services (million USD) 17,56817,89916,35717,49019,679
Exports of Services (million USD) 14,81314,36913,48813,65212,697

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018