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Capital: Algiers


Total Population: 40,606,052
Natural Increase: 1.8%
Density: 17 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 71.3%
Population of main cities: Algiers (2,364,230); Oran (803,329); Constantine (448,028); Annaba (342,703); Blida (331,779); Batna (289,504); Djelfa (265,833); Setif (252,127)
Ethnic Origins: The Algerian population is essentially of Amazigh (Berber) and Arab origin, with many Amazigh subgroups (Kabyles, Chaouia, Mzab, etc.). Algeria's European population is estimated at about 1%.
Official Language: Arabic and the indigenous Berber (Tamazight) language are the official languages. Tamazight was recognised as an official language in February 2016, although Arabic remains the language of government.
Other Languages Spoken: Most Algerians speak dialectal Arabic. Tamazight is the second national language. French is still used by many Algerians, especially in the administration.
Business Language(s): French and Arabic are generally the language of business, although some companies use English.
Religion: Sunni Muslims: 99%; Others (includes Jews and Christians): less than 1%
Literacy Rate: 87.7%
National Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 DZD = 0.0073 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 2,381,740 km²
Type of State: Republic, parliamentary democracy combined with presidential power.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country that depends a lot on its petroleum and gas activity; Algeria is a major producer of cork and a major cattle producer
HDI*: 0.736/1
HDI (World Rank): 83/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Algeria, dial 00
To call Algeria, dial +213
Internet Suffix: .dz
Computers: 1.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 8.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 15.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 50,37855,02858,58051,50146,727
Exports of Goods (million USD) 71,86664,97462,88637,78728,883
Imports of Services (million USD) 10,47010,27611,24410,5223,069
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,5703,7013,4603,6223,561

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: May 2018