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Capital: Tirana


Total Population: 2,876,101
Natural Increase: -0.2%
Density: 105 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 58.4%
Population of main cities: Tirana (418,495); Durres (113,249); Vlore (79,513); Elbasan (78,703); Shkoder (76,000)
Ethnic Origins: Albanians about 83%, Greeks about 1%, others (including Vlach, Roma, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Egyptian and other unspecified groups) about 16%. (Institute of Statistics)
Official Language: Albanian
Other Languages Spoken: Greek, Vlach, Romani
Business Language(s): Albanian.
Religion: Muslims 70%, Albanian Orthodox Christians 20%, Roman Catholics 10%.
Literacy Rate: 98.7%
National Currency: Albanian Lek (ALL)
Exchange rate (average of the last 30 days):
1 ALL = 0.0079 EUR

Country Overview

Area: 28,750 km²
Type of State: Parliamentary Republic.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Transition country.
An economy heavily dependent on agriculture.
HDI*: 0.733/1
HDI (World Rank): 85/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To call from Albania, dial 00
To call Albania, dial +355
Internet Suffix: .al
Telephone Lines: 9.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 54.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 4,8824,9025,2304,3184,669
Exports of Goods (million USD) 1,9682,3322,4311,9301,962
Imports of Services (million USD) 1,8611,9212,0291,6441,771
Exports of Services (million USD) 2,3842,2422,4552,2082,651

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: June 2018